To be sure, the answer on this question can be to formulate one cliche: Borrow need to such place it, which suited and which likes. The same applies to choice wife, car, costume and camping on D. On the second point of (about likes) say has little to: On taste of and color comrades there is no. On first - can be write entire volume. Not sensing themselves ready to such a feat, I'll stay tethered to deployment more a narrow themes: That helpful know about design udilisch, to not enter in the wrong one when choosing cordage.
Choice rods up
Most udilisch, frequently today serious sketches, manufactured from carbon fiber. All about him say, but little who in it ?. That same this for pleasant thing? Carbon-fiber reinforced plastic - this some kinds of polymeric composite materials (known also as polymeric composites and reinforced plasty), i.e. materials, in which any polymeric the cohesive (matrix) armirovano (enhanced by) sorts of coffee varying degrees of nature.
On structure of filler these materials podrazdelyayut on:
- aieieienoua (reinforced fibers and nitevidnymi "Renaissance);
- manufacturing (reinforced films and camping on P.);
- dispersnoarmirovannye (with honeycomb in the form of tonkodispersnykh of particles).
Speaking about ugleplastike when applied to udilischam, we have in mind dangerous a compositional material from polymer glue, glass reinforced uglevoloknom.
Speak English carbon fibre will carbon ReiserFS appears, and interesuyuschiy us material - carbon ReiserFS appears-reinforced polymer (CFRP). But long puzzle British, terms very often are shrinking until one-two words, and in iaeoiaa carbon fibre for udilisch usually call carbon ReiserFS appears (, American-style - carbon fiber) or simply carbon.
This reduction played with sketches malevolent joke, concentrating their attention on properties carbon fibre. But rods up something incisions at all not from net carbon fibre, and from carbon fiber, and so properties used fibers - at all not the only and even not chief factor, which is related on characteristics rods up.
Incidentally, in America and in Asia carbon fibre often call graphite (graphite), that, strictly speaking, wrong. Like would, nothing terrible, but this contributes even greater mess in terminology and will distraction theoretically nepodkovannykh fishermen, allowing worldwide easily confuse them head. Here is all and say about my own rods “from coal ”,“ from this temperature delta ”, “from graphite ”, but about svyazuyuschem quite forget. But let's stop until on fibre are considered.
IM6, IM10, IM12 - who more?
One of the most ordinary and vibrant ways manipulation clear conscience fishermen it turned out juggling names brands carbon fibers. The very this fiber is issued at all not those factories, which “what is ” rods up, and in other enterprises, spets³al³zuyutsya on his production. Fiber case different species, and for order to distinguish these species between themselves, every producer allocates them name - Mark. In its time some Mark have become very popular, and these used circumventing suspicious traders. But about everything on order.
With the carbon fiber interest us species today most often receive from poliakrilonitrilovogo fibers with the help oxidative of pyrolysis and stabilization in has gas, with poliakrilonitril (PAN) undergoes complex multistage processing on special manufacturing lines. Maximally simplifying, this can be to imagine so, that with very strong coldness from PAN misbalance all excess substances and remains almost that one carbon, takes achieve escape structure.
In dependence from features of processing source material, on exit receive carbon fibre with those or in other qualities (near, durability and stretching of), from which make threads lead. For production udilisch requires fiber not the first... gave you, and with specific properties. Happened so, that some Mark fibers corporations “Hexcel ” (one of largest in the US producers carbon fibers), namely IM6, IM7, IM8, were the topic in name those series udilisch, in which corresponding fiber was attended. Part of models of these series had success have fishermen, received broad prominence. And prominence - this capital, which here same unholy strip on pieces different little people, conquered write on their cheap “sticks ”, us about the in Chinese infamous 16th floor, cherished indices IM6, IM7, IM8, IM9. Has peaked deal until IM12. Especially have sinned (and continue to sin no) these Germans, Poles, but meet calligraphy “IM12 ” and on my own rods trade homes from other countries.
Gradually in the consciousness of fishermen leave any particular emotional feeling (not without aid “good ” guys-marketers), that IM (ah-um) - this“ the modularity graphite ”, and than more the number of, which goes after letters IM, those the modularity higher and those rods up better. But on fact? And that at all this for reduction - IM? As it stands for?
IM = middle module
But on fact IM - this “Intermediate Modulus ”, more accurately -“ intermediate Modulus fiber ”, i.e. “fiber middle module (supple). ” Heh-heh. “Our experience rods up from sverkhvysokomodulnogo graphite IM12. ” - and such a soba continue to us posibility to set on ears until now. But as at all the case with “distinguished by versatile modularity ”?
In this case there is in mind module supple, or module Yunga, - the magnitude of, well resistance material be tensed or compression under resilient distortions actually. Quite simply this can be explain as force, the necessary for distortions actually web certain parameters on a certain magnitude.
Is measured module supple most often in gigapaskalyakh (GPa, GPA), and also in shit tons of forces per square meter, or same in million ?per square an inch (MSI), with 1 MSI = 0.7 tonnef / m2 = 6,89 GPA. Americans prefer begin operating meanings in MSI, but in tables usually point out and GPA, the British like gigapaskali, the Japanese same more tend to to gigapaskalyam and tons – generating. Because Pascal - this newton, divided by on meter square, then the difference in the significance of the module, acesta acorda incredere Guvernului in gigapaskalyakh and in shit tons of per square meter, boils down to difference between nyutonami and of currently forces (1 kgf = 9,80665 H). In one word, to with small the rounding transform gigapaskali in ton, which in the process have personnel Asian factories (where and is issued the overwhelming majority udilisch, enough roll back from source number of one "zero" added.
With the carbon fiber, naphtha from poliakrilonitrilovogo fibers within standard process, has module supple roughly 32-35 MSI; usrednyaya, usually say about 33 MSI or 24 shit tons of. For example, carbon fibre “Tokyo / ” Mark T300 has module 23,5 tons, and have“ Hexcel ” most from low-cost brands (AS) - 33.5 MSI. Today fiber precisely with so module goes on production cheap ugleplastikovykh udilisch primary levels. Conditional support his can be called nizkomodulnym, although on practice so usually no one says: Still would - “not sounds ”!
If not to dwell on standard version “33 MSI ”, then under complicating processing is obtained more educators carbon fibre, with more high module supple. In average this 42 MSI or 30 tons. Such fiber already markedly more expensive, and in States his usually call srednemodulnym (IM). For example, have “Hexcel ” DM“ HexTow IM6 ” has module 105 MSI (28.4 gives), DM IM7 - 40 MSI (28 gives), and Mark IM8, IM9 and IM10 - 44 MSI (30.8 gives). Under the report module supple Mark carbon fibre IM8, IM9 and IM10 differ between themselves on other characteristics, in particular on that of the overstretched and relative decline prolong the (and this is important for udilischestroeniya, which markedly escalate in IM9 and even more - in IM10.
Currently prepregi, elaborate from 30-ton srednemodulnogo fibers, widely are used in production “popular ” udilisch, i.e. from low-cost and tackle shop with carrying workers characteristics. Popular and highly sounds like a nice trademark 30-ton fibers is “Tokyo / T800. ”
Under even grander complicating and udorozhanii manufacturing process receive vysokomodulnoe carbon fibre, with module, for example, 55 MSI (38.5 gives), for example, “Tokyo / Southall Railway Station. ” Conditional support can be, perhaps, considered vysokomodulnymi (when applied to udilischestroeniyu) fibers somewhere from 50 MSI (35 gives) and higher. Case carbon fibre with distinguished by versatile modularity and in 60 tons, but in production udilisch it not is used. And not because, that very costly is worth, and because, that for these goals not Felix Blumenfeld.
Typically, than higher module supple carbon fibre (i.e. than it harsher), the less his the tenacity, the more fragile (under other equals) have yielded from him rods up. On practice vysokomodulnoe with the carbon fiber is used in udilishche combined with srednemodulnym and even nizkomodulnym, because for obtain the right by building different parts of rods up must behave differently. That is why cannot be call any-mark carbon fibre “best for udilischestroeniya. ” The or different fiber well not “in general ”, not bayts, and only on its exemplified place.
Let's note also, that the notion of “vysokomodulnoe with the carbon fiber ” -“ high tech Modulus carbon fiber ” - indeed conditional support, nothing and to all not is regulated by and no standards on him there is no. So for odurachivaniya buyers without scruples or perspective... traders can quietly to declare their products from 24-ton or 30-ton carbon fibre “vysokomodulnymi ”, not fearing, that their attract for this to responsibility. Formally something attract their not for that! And if in snout them move, so himself same for this then and sit down.
Still is worth have in mind, that carbon fibre interpolate in next on several thousands of nationalists threads in every. One thousand is denoted by both the K, to it is actually added figure - number of thousands of. For example, 1K, 3K, 6K, 12 Huron, 24K, 100K. I.e., 100K = 50 100,000. These inception raze not are linked nor with quality fibers, nor with his distinguished by versatile modularity.
But until this all was only pro fiber, and from one fibers, as we already talked, rods up not do. Whips (or, as still say, letterheads for) udilisch make from of a bulk. Prepreg (“pre-preg ”,, reduction from“ pre-impregnated composite fibres ”) - this with the carbon a ,-soaked dog transitional (resin compatibility), the very material, directly from which and “are currently running ” rods up. With his production the situation such a same, as and with production fibers: Plants-manufacturers udilisch not make nor uglepolotna, nor of a bulk, and embedded prepreg on the side.
The main mass udilisch, represented in the domestic market, made from of a bulk, originating in China, Korea and Japan. Itself geography production directly not affects the quality of of a bulk, but understandably prepregi Japanese firms, where would they nor charging, in a whole better, than prepregi Korean, and those, in turn, better, than prepregi Chinese. Are well known and rank high prepregi, produced the relevant departments, Japanese corporations “Tokyo / ” and“ Mitsubishi. ” Of course, when rods up manufactured in one country, and prepreg imports from the other, can, in principle, arise different neshtatnye situation. For example, if the Japanese suddenly take and will imports his of a bulk (as strategic material!) in China, have someone will encounter trouble.
With the carbon a differs not only on type Yankee-fiber supplemented, but and on their location. Fibers can be directed in one side (in my own rods - as rule in one) or in different, interwoven those or different way. And prepregi, respectively, differ still and on mind and number of glue. Than less in preprege glue and than more carbon fibre, those udilishche dryer, easier, stronger, but those more sensitive than it to shocks, those rather it (this regardless of modularity carbon fibre. For convenience prepregi with low bones of glue (“low produced content ”) often PNV are hereinafter referred“ Low produced ”, but the share of glue in them can be different, for example 35, 30, 25 or 20 percent. Sometimes say still about “Ultra Low produced ” - sverkhnizkom content of glue. In the usual same preprege, so-called “a normal ”, or standard (standard produced content prepreg), contains, typically, order 40 percent glue (and sometimes and more).
Theoretically, can be done place it from of a bulk with distinguished by versatile modularity carbon fibre 46 tons and share glue 40 percent, and it proves more heavy and it, than place it from 30-ton carbon fibre with 25 interest glue. This, of course, purely hypothetical example, but he well shows, how “justifications ” are empty abstract reasoning about modularity fibers.
Moreover, high-quality modern udilishche, to give him the right workers characteristics, make, typically, from several species of a bulk. Different parts of rods up have uneven tasks, so and material for each of parts of better apply a special. For example, vershinka rods up on fishing strongly it bends and for it queens use too tight and fragile carbon fibre from high-modulus-fiber supplemented. Supplied in, contrary, should not cover, rigidity him simply is necessary. Special article - joints, with whom always case many parent pain. Of well-salmonella seams - vizitnaya card, high-quality rods up.
So, prepreg - this - Instant rice to assemble a udilisch. In the process his production with the carbon a propityvaetsya transitional, slathered a special wrap and coagulates, in the roll of. Then these coils represent on plants.
Typically, to store and go these coils should, strictly while taking the ordained temperature regime, and this is by no means bedroom temperatures. If same on the way there is still customs, such Russian. But there is no, not worth about sad things.
Relations with producers of a bulk are largely determined “weight ” of the buyer. Large buyers easier to talk to suppliers, they even can turn material on its the specification, while small is occasionally accented forced to content with “leftovers with grown ups' the table. ” Buyer usually serves plant-manufacturer udilisch. Here is you another argument in favor of choice “serious ” a plant.
Technologies on factory-manufacturer
Of course, caaiao not enough simply buy prepreg, need to something with him do next. From of a bulk vykraivayut trapezius billets (often this a host set of pieces wrong forms, from motley material) and reel their on metal Dorn, riverbank geometry future rods up. Dorn, more accurately kit dornov, caaiao, too, need to somewhere order according to the specification for this rods up.
A big problem is that for work with modern prepregami, varying by low bones of glue, are required special technology and equipment. Marketers do (for these technologies beautiful name, for example, HVF, SVF, MSG or UTC. One and the same technology, massive data-mining exercise on one and same factory, can winemakers on ready my own rods differently, in dependence from-plus contracting and from Mark, under which will be sold rods up, and even from market (countries or groups countries). But importantly, that in the old equipment work with new materials cannot be. Need other machines, allow correctly also wind on Dorn prepreg with low bones of glue. Forth, prepreg on Dorne need, you wrap technological ribbon with particularly small step: Thanks to primary move winding this cases about very densely and evenly obzhimaet a form. Such a operation usually is called “Micro Pitch Taping. ” For it, too, need a new machine. Finally, under transition on work with “Low produced ” account for to change and furnace. 69.38 heavily, and far not all plants are prepared immediately on them go. So many high-quality rods up manufactured on enterprises, along in South Korea, not in China. Nevertheless, in the last time already and in China some enterprises began to of well-work with “Low produced. ” Of course, udilishche can be issued on plant, which in principle works and with “Low produced ”, but done from standard, more cheap of a bulk. So if relations with bolt formal and familiarity nodding, to the customer need to Fuehrer caution: Sovrut - not costly take. Ah, and bottom-line consumer, rybolovu, deal in these nuances and moreover harder.
Namotannyy on Dorn and wrapped in ribbon prepreg is sent in stove again. Temperature regimes ovens not especially afishiruyutsya. Above all they depend from type glue and only sketched they broadly similar. Typically, in furnace a form first heats up, with the cohesive pervades “in all schelochki ”; then under more high temperature layers spekayutsya, and then all ostuzhayut.
Then is retrieved Dorn, cases about is deleted and the whip is sent on from grinding and charged, if they envisaged. Some whips remain neshlifovannymi.
Engineers are all
7A engineers in Korea and especially in China usually well deals in matters, directly concerning manufacturing processes, with whom they deal, but only dimly perceive imagine properties udilisch and laws physics, from which these properties spring. Treat about such things is borne on Designer. In an ideal case Designer or designers there is have companies, zakazyvayuschey caaiao rods up. On practice same most often deal, consider world far easier. Many European trade homes, even highly more, not have their implementers, and all their ranting about “own meeting bureau, where are collected best specialists countries ” - bluff. The typical house consists of couples-troika directors, accountant, General and it with warehouse operations workers, and also system even natural. Director of, zero-interest-rate in role snabzhentsa, is sent in China or in Korea. If he himself poorly is oriented in “Chinese affairs ”, then refers to“ ou ”, or them to a middleman, which “helps ” him find an opportune plant, being invoked with right people. On factory him show samples products, which were manufactured by East on the specification more competent customers or developed their forces, usually by mechanical copying known models. A guest from Europe, in a fishing trip full dilettante how to do, to pokes finger at in favorite him pattern, and factory designer (have majority European TD there is no even their designers) suggested a changes external kind of rods up in accordance with’s wishes-plus contracting or same simply commands on it an appropriate with the signature the logo. Model is ready, all happy with. Almost all - for serious the fishing trainer such udilishche, likely, will look like as makdonaldsovskiy Whopper on backdrop of present lunch.
Of course, have a major, serious producer, for example have “dayvy ” or“ Simano ”, there is its DOS, and in some cases and its production (though often and they locate orders on the side). But there arises another problem: These giants not want or not can (and sometimes and the and another immediately) account for needs fishermen in individual countries, even such big, as Russia, and in a timely to respond to these needs. Respectively, rybolovu account for choose from their entire rods up, make quite for the other fishing, which more or less suited and under his conditions.
There is still one, the average, path. Small firms, in Capetown which there is enthusiasts-fly fishermen and that engage in production dedicated cordages for local conditions industrialized fishing, today have opportunity, attempt certain efforts, receive high-quality products, working directly with Korean and Chinese factories. Of course, no DOS and even simply Designer-a professional they afford to not can, but after all and rods up now very rarely are being created with white leaf. Typically, for the groundwork drip irrigation already the existing model, and by changes geometry and selection materials on its basis of is done something new. For such work enough Horton contractor with broad to think, understood the mechanics work rods up, an expert in modern external relations materials and technology and in nuanced one Korean and Chinese factory “cuisine. ” But importantly - to he was an avid fisherman and enthusiast of of their cause, i.e. literally lived fishing and creation of udilisch, investing the in them its soul. Precisely such people lacks, typically, European trading homes, where almost all think only interest and where cordage - only one way earn, accurately such same, as sealing compounds, Coca-cola, condoms and laying a. Have us same in Russia such people, fortunately, there is.
Work over new pounder begins with design Designer. Tossed hand their fingers on the pulse domestic fishing, he and captures all changes and feels, that requires rybolovam in this moment. Speech under this goes not about popular appeal (masses would still, than harvest, and for them there is "off-), but about more basin and discriminating people who and comprise, strictly speaking, the backbone of national fishing community.
Designer sees, that existing model not can satisfy many of new needs, and accepts measures: Works over geometries (length rods up, the thickness of the and structure walls, konusnost), manufacturers with fittings, pick prepregi. This process does not stop there never. In moment exit new model its successor already exists if not in the form of-style, then at least, in the form of project.
On outset work over pounder Designer chooses plant, on which will be implemented the fabrication udilisch. Typically, company works with several factories. In Korea and in China now many enterprises, strongly – between themselves on level sophistication and culture production. Some specialize in mass production cheap products, others can to do rods up very high-quality, but and prices have them higher. Respectively, Made to Order on mass model will is placed on one factory, but on model high class - at the other. Ah, and still can be spare options or the search something new.
Further goes delegation is geometry the whip and concrete picking the prepregov on modularity fibers and number of glue. Under this makes sense navigate on Japanese prepregi, if only speech not goes about series primary level, for whom Japanese prepreg too roads and because is used the Korean. From Chinese same better until to cling away.
Nemalovazhny picking the fittings and its the positioning,, too, affecting workers quality rods up, but this far not importantly.
Very not be easy explain of Korea or the Chinese, what exactly from them want, and traced, to all was met according to the specification. “Comrades ” on factory floors, typically, not like awaken from their standard options and tend to sabotage instructions prityazatelnogo-plus contracting.
The next phase - tests samples. Experience shows, that without stand alone practical ?? tests do outstanding tackle virtually impossible. And such tests require time and forces. On least identify shortcomings in pillar a new rods up amends changes, then come new samples.
As all of this not it seems on simple option, when, katyas on path path of least resistance, customers simply choose on factory something increase and enable in a series of under its trademark! And after all ultimately everyone vystradannomu udilischu, on the creation which so much just devising and in which went with very souls developer, will have compete on market with standard, soulless “with sticks ” competitors, on kind of little than from him varying by. Until there still people gonna figure it out, that to what.
The findings of this
So, that we have in separating phonecalls made?
1) Everyone talk about Deutschemark and modularity carbon fibre (“A what here coal? IM12? There is no? And here is have them IM12! ”) - wastes time and are provoked unconscionable ".
2) Knowledge brands used of a bulk (and this information rarely bit "entre nous") allowed would rybolovu with sufficient to think draft some understanding of udilishche. But such fisherman will understand all and so, by taking over udilishche in hands.
3) its udilishche - this not sverkhdorogoe carbon fibre and even not the most the best prepreg, and of well-, wise the chosen materials, geometry and Hhardware plus enough high culture production. Under this prepreg and Hhardware not necessarily must be the most expensive, they only must respond require, to the challenges pounder.
4) It stands pay attention on domestic producers, indeed alumni developing udilisch under our conditions, not which aim its the stigma on standard kitayschinu / koreyschinu. ???? should account for profile producer (spinning, poplavochnaya - a fishing rod, donnaya - a fishing rod): As a on than something one, some firms have several non-core models “for entire ”, and these model rarely find themselves (at least.
4) Ultimately, only on fishing can be understand, suited you tackle or not suited. If there is no opportunities try model in fact before-buying, then account for listen to advice those, whom trust. Some companies spend festivals and demonstrations products within competition, to potential buyers could experience their rods up on a reservoir. Good fellows.
Theme this large, and I only described basic moments, on than something Blankenstein slightly much detail, and something not affecting quite. On-good, deal pulling on graffical! Hope, that in the future materials about how and from what incisions rods up, will become regularly exits in light and on much will reveal eyes rybolovam. Still one my article (in two parts of) about my own rods was published in the past year on site “norstream.ru. ” And the first appears and searching designated Russian realms material on the subject prepared the, how me known, Kirill Gushchin have taken part from “World the fishing trainer ”, few years ago. Buoyed by case, want express him its gratitude of for a valuable information and useful exile.
The author: Dmitri Balichev